Marrow body weight content, intercourse and you may chronilogical age of red deer killed because of the wolves into the winter months regarding Carpathian Slopes

Marrow body weight content, intercourse and you may chronilogical age of red deer killed because of the wolves into the winter months regarding Carpathian Slopes

Hornocker, Yards.Grams. 1970. An analysis from slope lion predation abreast of mule deer and elk in the Idaho Primitive Town. Wildlife Monographs, 21, 1–39.

Hurley, Yards.A beneficial., J.W. Unsworth, P. Zager, Yards. Hebblewhite, Elizabeth.O. Garton, D.M. Montgomery, J.R. Skalski, and C.L. . Group impulse away from mule deer so you’re able to experimental reduced amount of coyotes and you may hill lions into the southeastern Idaho. Animals Monographs, 178, 1–33.

Jones, H.P., while others. 2016. Intrusive mammal reduction towards the islands contributes to good-sized maintenance increases. Process of your own Federal Academy off Sciences, 113, 4033–4038.

Klein, D.Roentgen. 1968. The brand new introduction, increase, and you will freeze of reindeer into St. Matthew Isle. Record regarding Animals Management, 32, 350–367.

Klein, D.Roentgen. 1981. The trouble out-of overpopulation off deer during the United states. During the P.A beneficial. Jewell, S. Holt, and you can D. Hart (Eds.), Troubles in the handling of in your community abundant nuts animals (pp. 119–127). Ny: Informative Press.

Krausman, P.R., Roentgen. Valdez, and J.An excellent. Bissonette. 1996. Bighorn sheep and you will livestock. Inside P.R. Krausman (Ed.), Rangeland creatures (pp. 237–243). Denver, CO: Neighborhood to possess Diversity Management.

Krumm, C.Elizabeth., Meters.Yards. Conner, and you will Yards.W. Miller. 2005. Cousin vulnerability off persistent throwing away condition infected mule deer so you can automobile accidents. Diary from Creatures Disease, 41, 503–511.

Krumm, C.Elizabeth., Yards.Meters. Conner, N.T. Hobbs, D.O. Hunter, and you will Yards.W. Miller. 2010. Slope lions victim selectively toward prion-infected mule deer. Biological Characters, six, 209–211.

Kunkel, K., and D.H. Pletscher. 1999. Species-particular people character out-of cervids for the a good multipredator ecosystem. Journal regarding Creatures Government, 63, 1082–1093.

Logan, K.A great., and you will L.L. Sweanor. 2001. Wasteland puma: Evolutionary environment and you will maintenance out of a thriving carnivore. Arizona, D.C.: Island Push.

Lomas, L.Good., and L.C. Bender. 2007. Survival and you may result in-specific mortality away from neonatal mule deer fawns, north-central The brand new Mexico. Diary regarding Wildlife Administration, 71, 884–894.

Mann, W.G., and S.B. Locke. 1931. This new Kaibab deer: A brief history and recent developments [Unpublished declaration]. Fredonia, AZ: U.S. Forest Service, Kaibab National Forest.

Cougar-target relationships

Marshal, J.P., P.Roentgen. Krausman, V.C. Bleich, W.B. Ballard, and you may J.S. McKeever. 2002. Rain, El Nino, and you will personality from mule deer on Sonoran Wilderness, California. Record regarding Wildlife Administration, 66, 1283–1289.

McKinney, T., D.Age. Brown, and you may L. Allison. 2008. Winter months precipitation and you will employment of pronghorns inside Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist, 53, 319–325.

Mech, L.D., and R.O. Peterson. 2003. Wolf-target interactions. For the L.D. Mech and you will L. Boitani (Eds.), Wolves: Conclusion, ecology, and maintenance (pp. 131–160). Chicago, IL: College or university out of il Press.

National Lookup Council. 1997. Wolves, holds, in addition to their https://datingranking.net/escort-directory/allentown/ victim inside Alaska: Biological and you can public challenges inside wildlife administration. Arizona, D.C.: National Academy Push.

Phillips, G.E., and you may A.W. Alldredge. 2000. Reproductive success of elk pursuing the interference from the human beings throughout the calving season. Diary of Wildlife Administration, 64, 521–530.

Polisar, J., We. Maxit, D. Sconagmillo, L. Farrel, Yards.Age. Sunquist, and you may J.F. Eisenberg. 2003. Jaguars, pumas, the prey feet, and cattle-ranching: Ecological interpretation regarding a control state. Physiological Conservation, 109, 297–310.

Quigley, H., and you can Meters. Hornocker. 2009. Into the Meters. Hornocker and you will S. Negri (Eds.), Cougar: Ecology and you can preservation (pp. 59–75). Chi town, IL: College from il Drive.

Rosas-Rosas, O.C., L.C. Bender, and you may Roentgen. Valdez. 2008. Jaguar and you may puma predation into the cattle calves during the northeastern Sonora, Mexico. Rangeland Ecology and you will Government, 61, 554–560.

Rosas-Rosas, O.C., L.C. Bender, and you will R. Valdez. 2010. Habitat correlates regarding jaguar destroy-web sites out-of cows within the northeastern Sonora, Mexico. Human-Wildlife Affairs, 4, 113–121.

Cougar population figure

Ruth, T.K., and you can K. Murphy. 2009. When you look at the Meters. Hornocker and you will S. Negri (Eds.), Cougar: Ecology and you will conservation (pp. 138–172). Chicago, IL: College out of Chi town Force.

Simpson, D.C., L.A great. Harveson, C.E. Brewer, R.An effective. Walser, and An effective.R. Edges. 2007. Dictate from rain into pronghorn demography from inside the Texas. Log out of Animals Government, 71, 906–910.

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